What are Communities of practice?
Communities of practice (CoPs) are defined as “groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly“ (Wenger-Trayner, E., Wenger-Trayner, B.). The term was coined and popularized by Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger through their development of social learning theory (Lave & Wenger, 1991). The three critical components of a CoP are:
Members of a COP have a shared domain of interest and a commitment to that domain.
Members of a CoP engage in joint activities and discussions, help each other, share information, interact and learn together.
Members of a CoP have a shared practice. That is, they "develop a shared repertoire of resources: experiences, stories, tools, ways of addressing recurring problems".